From Capitalism to Talentism

talent_2_by_axginz
Talent is advanced emotional cognitive capacity. (Image by AxGiNz)

Talent is what will remain of professions in a highly automated world as machines do not have emotions.

1. Future of Technology
2. Axiomatic Law
3. Intellectual Property Reform
4. Ethics
5. Cognitive Diversity

1. Future of Technology

Karl Marx famously regarded history as a linear development of humanity progressing from one economic system to yet another as beginning with Stone Age societies being replaced by early agricultural societies that transitioned into feudal societies and which in turn were largely replaced by capitalist societies. Marx therefore prophetically and at the time rather plausibly so predicted that capitalism would one day be supplanted by yet another economic system and although he was no doubt wrong on many, many things; he is being proven right on that specific point. While this historical outcome is not in any way produced by socialism or by class struggle but rather by technological innovation in capitalist society, it is clear that capitalism is being supplanted by a high tech economy where all paid and unpaid menial work and most other labor that can be technologically automatized will in fact become increasingly supplanted by computers, robots, 3D printers, virtual reality and other advanced technologies. Social media however, is meanwhile becoming the new classless society, the real “social-ism”.

Professional and domestic tasks requiring mere anatomic strength and/or mere mass produced knowledge can and will be eventually almost entirely automatized and supplanted by machines as remaining professional/domestic tasks in an almost entirely automatized world economy will be those tasks requiring some degree of talent (i.e. individual emotional skills) such as good judgment, imagination, empathy, innovation, courage, opposition, passion, thinking out of the box, creativity, personal interest, initiative and designer/artistic skills. Anatomic and intellectual tasks that can be automatized will no doubt become almost entirely replaced by machines in the foreseeable future. Machines are however unable to experience emotions meaning that almost only professional tasks that require non-automatic emotional skills will survive the near total automation of Human professions.

The capitalist phenomenon of commodity fetishism whereby the product is appreciated but not the person producing the product is increasingly becoming reversed as nearly all professions and all labor tasks that do not require talent (talent being individual emotional skills) will become increasingly rapidly redundant in being increasingly supplanted by new advanced smart technologies. Talent (and much less so money) will therefore become the most important resource in this new post-capitalist economy.

It is peculiar however, that elected politicians and most corporate executives do not seem to be prepared and ready for this increasingly rapid change. Rather than embracing and responsibly implementing already existing, well-developed futuristic technologies, they too often behave like those individual consumers who behaviorally merely copy yet other consumers. The explanation for this is simply that most of today’s top leaders happen to intellectually live in the past. They unthinkingly presume that the future economy will be extremely similar to the present economy which is actually a terrible miscalculation. Increasing rapidity in technological evolution can be observed since the very beginning of the Industrial Revolution as the pace of change increases exponentially as technology becomes increasingly diverse and advanced.

The notion of technological neutrality today prevents governments from interfering with infrastructural issues that the private sector is still far too conservative for dealing with solely on its own. This most likely means that much of the current existing private sector risks becoming erased in a major future economic crisis for the simple reason that it is just not prepared for the coming near total automation of Human societies. Slow tech (i.e. technologic retardation) in the developed world is thus a temporary psychological phenomenon that is part of a business cycle liable to eventually collapse into a technologically driven severe economic depression that will then economically force the technologic change.

There are two types of business structures in this new economy, namely platform and application. Encouraging development of platforms to emerge that will allow for ecologies of applications to subsequently also emerge is absolutely key for encouraging and enabling innovation to be translated into dynamic and diverse economic growth. Almost every new product needs a platform of some kind and therefore governments need to do everything possible so as to facilitate the successful creation and establishment of new innovative platforms that also allow and facilitate the emergence of dynamic ecologies of applications. Indeed, the independent nation state is itself a platform for innumerable applications. A science of understanding how successful platforms give rise to dynamic ecologies of applications is therefore very much needed.

The various subsectors of the public sector should be turned into platforms that will allow individuals and companies to gainfully add innovative applications and this is especially relevant with regard to the subsectors of education and health care. The health care system therefore needs to become a platform receptive to and easily available for innovative applications of various kinds. The important thing is to promote health, even by the placebo effect. National economic criteria should be used for determining use of unorthodox therapies, including somatic psychotherapy through the placebo effect (i.e. psychotherapy meant to deal with somatic medical conditions) as the placebo effect is the most effective cure ever documented in medical history and is as of present most severely under-utilized in orthodox medicine in thus providing many opportunities for scientific medical applications of the placebo effect. The system of education should likewise be open to many different companies and individuals providing innovative solutions, models and indeed applications.

Public sector employees who figure out ways of simultaneously increasing both efficiency and quality should be most generously financially rewarded and their solutions seriously considered for experimental implementation. Bureaucrats need to be largely replaced with computer systems and ultra-rapid and ultra-specialized Human courts for appealing computer decisions. Budgets of the public sector should factor national economic effects of budgetary decisions in every detailed predictable respect whether these outcomes are costs or gains for the national economy. This will effectively cut costs for the public sector. E.g. legally phasing out the Animal Industry with indistinguishable plant-based food products will lead to substantially improved public health and therefore much reduced public expenditure on health care.

There is no public debate to speak of as to what degree governments should form policies with regard to the introduction of the already existing technologies of the future as it is generally presumed that this will be settled through mere laissez-faire. However, this transition may become terribly painful for individual citizens and really mortal for much of today’s corporate world. There is a certain collective lethargy still holding back many already existing, well-developed futuristic technologies (such as famously Google Glass and Google Self-Driving Car) but this anomaly of slow tech (otherwise mostly observed in poverty-stricken developing countries) has a high likelihood of eventually becoming painfully translated into galloping rapidity if governments and corporate leaders alike do not make sure to keep apace, be part of the change and obviously become part of the solution as well, including by helping set technological standards for already developed futuristic technologies and implementing those very advanced technologies in the public sector. There are indeed numerous cases in economic history of major economic depressions that occurred due to not being widely expected and therefore also not preempted.

Just as much of today’s business world risks becoming redundant in ways that won’t allow for them to adapt quickly enough to survive so will most professions and most employees become redundant as well. Among the redundant employees, those who are ready to adapt to the increasingly rapid change by forming their own future-oriented talent-based innovative businesses will be winners and most of the rest will become whiners until they too learn to adapt. New businesses in this new economy have a much higher chance of success if they are founded collaboratively in bringing together diverse talents as singular founders who go it alone are typically more than likely to make rather predictable and certainly avoidable mistakes that not only are costly but really much lessen the chance of the business ultimately succeeding even despite often being based on sound and good ideas.

The task of policy makers should be to set government policy in such a way that both the public sector and the private sector will be appropriately prepared and so will find the time to adapt quickly enough to both the overall technologic challenge and the overall economic change of paradigm. This means e.g. that the only form of energy production that should be allowed is renewable energy whose production does not harm anyone, non-human persons included. This means that solar energy will be almost the only type of energy production legally allowed.

Offices should be closed down in favor of virtual reality offices and this will most likely lead to a repopulation of parts of the countryside and thus a much higher environmental standard of living which will help resolve much of today’s environmental problems as stemming from excessive urbanization and new homes will of course be constructed though 3D printing. Good electronic and digital communications even in the countryside are therefore very much vital. Public sector offices should be closed down while private sector offices should be encouraged to close down by increasingly taxing office space.

Also, Human females should be liberated from all traditional tasks that can be automatized by means of multipurpose household robots and artificial uteri. Free markets have so far failed to do this which means that governments need to play a part in promoting this feminist technologic change that will free vast amount of time for both leisure and consumption.

Phasing out 1) the Animal Industry, 2) oil-powered vehicles and 3) non-solar energy as well as implementing 4) global reforestation will entirely solve the problem of global warming. The technologies are already available, what is needed are political will and political decisions to make the crucial transition as part of a transparent and responsible process. National networks of bicycle paths need to be established that are separate from the routes of roads just as routes of roads are mostly separate from routes of railroads. This will vastly improve public health and lessen the environmental nuisance of car traffic. Only cars navigated by auto-pilots should be legally allowed on the roads as these are vastly safer than those driven by Humans.

There should be systematic reforestation of pasture lands and deserts worldwide and wealthy countries should fund reforestation in non-wealthy countries. Commercial forestry should be phased out and banned and forests should in practice be returned to their real owners, meaning the inhabitants of forests of all taxa, including Human indigenous peoples. There is much less real need for printing on paper in the digital era and so the need for forestry can be eliminated by producing paper from agricultural crops. Natural wood from trees will no longer be needed when houses and furniture are produced through 3D printing. The need for agricultural land can be very substantially reduced by growing on green walls and within vast horticultural factories which means that most agricultural land can be reforested and returned to nature as well. Paper money and coins spread contagious diseases and should therefore be abolished and replaced with cash cards meant for smaller payments.

Also, crucially the education system needs to be greatly overhauled so that it is geared towards nourishing talent, innovation and entrepreneurship rather than mindlessly encouraging conformity and producing Human modules who in most cases anyway in the foreseeable future will be supplanted by new smart technologies. Education policy should be such that rather than enforcing social control (its main historical task) it should serve to encourage young persons to become scientifically creative rebellious innovators and entrepreneurs and not as of now shape legal minors into uncritically obedient intended employees who typically become culturally addicted to the notion of being employed by others as the normative way of earning a living. Schools should importantly encourage creativity in the sciences rather than as of now solely in the arts. Government should not hinder technological evolution but rather facilitate it, however this should be done both strategically and ethically as technology if inappropriately or unethically applied have the potential of causing great harm indeed.

2. Axiomatic Law

European-derived legal systems are based on the same structure used for paragraphically delineating the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament into books, chapters and verses. For example:

I Kings 1:1

II Samuel 2:2

Napoleon made great achievements in simplifying the existing legal system in France by introducing the then new Code Napoléon instead of the prior legal system that consisted of centuries upon centuries of layers of feudal legislation. In fact, the current legal predicament in most countries is very similar to that of France as prior to Napoleon’s famous legal reform.

Today’s great debate about law is one between democratically legislated paragraphic law versus religiously legislated sharia law. Islamists point out that their system of penologic deterrence such as punitively cutting off hands of thieves is by far more effective in preventing crime than are prisons and paragraphic law. However, the problem with paragraphic law is that it is often easy to circumvent and those more or less shady circumventions in turn require legislation involving more and more paragraphs which provide even more opportunities for circumventions in thus giving rise to an increasingly vicious circle of circumventions. The more added paragraphs in this literary tradition the greater the opportunities for circumvention in giving rise to a situation where often not even legal experts are certain as to what is legal and what is not and especially so when involving economic transaction between two or more countries with very different legal systems. Obviously, this is particularly unhelpful for innovators and entrepreneurs who in many cases have great ideas, but where the implementation of those ideas is very much hampered by an antiquated, vast, redundant body of paragraphic literature whose actual interpretation is increasingly unclear. Paragraphic law thus more and more resembles a religion with its own priesthood and sacred books and is precisely as contemporary fundamentalist religion increasingly divorced from contemporary prevailing secular notions of morality.

Constitutional law as well as codified international law is however rather more focused on articulating concise axioms known as principles, rights and liberties. Despite also having a paragraphic structure; codified international law and constitutional law are however far more lucid and certainly better structured as compared to ordinary domestic law. What therefore needs to be done is to deconstruct law into as few axioms as possible. How can this be appropriately done? First, potential legal axioms exist and can be identified everywhere in Human culture; namely in religious literature (oral and codified), in science, in poetry, in novels, in theater, in television, in radio, in movies, in music, in advertisement, on websites, on blogs, in newspapers, in public debates etc. A famous example is that of Catch-22 in the eponymous novel by Joseph Heller whereby you are legally damned if you do, damned if you don’t. The notion of Catch-22 should be legislated as a legal axiom whereby the very situation of Catch-22 should no longer be legally resulted, but rather outlawed. Human cultures are literally full of wise axioms that should be harvested, deconstructed and refined into axiomatic law.

The legislated legal axioms should therefore include both regular legal axioms and legal axioms intended to delineate the interpretation of yet other legal axioms; yet it is vital that both types of axiomatic law are legally codified into written law by parliamentary legislators rather than being canonized by unelected and democratically unaccountable scholars of law. A general principle with regard to axiomatic law is that there is an exception (either actually or hypothetically) with regard to virtually every principle or other axiom. The art of adjudication in a court of law is therefore essentially about deciding which legal axiom that should be given preference over another legal axiom when the two or more axioms come into conflict by essentially contextually overlapping each other.

The task ahead is therefore continually rereading Human cultures and Human cultural expressions for potentially suitable axioms and then deconstructively bringing together those axioms into axiomatic law through the very act of democratic parliamentary legislation. This will also involve merging, refining and shortening existing axioms. There is thus a double task of gathering vast numbers of suitable axioms while at the same time deconstructively make them as few, simple and short as possible. The total body of axiomatic law should be of an – as much as possible – deconstuctively limited size that still would make its interpretation intelligible for ordinary Human citizens. Axiomatic law would hence completely replace paragraphic law in the same way that Code Napoléon supplanted prior ancient layers of historical legislation in France and most important of all, this will facilitate and speed up innovation, engineering and entrepreneurship.

3. Intellectual Property Reform

Most laws regarding intellectual property were legislated long before the emergence of the Internet and are therefore severely antiquated while increasingly posing severe obstacles to innovation, entrepreneurship and freedom of expression. Therefore, there is much need for substantial legal reform regarding intellectual property.

There should be a fundamental legal distinction between non-profit use and use for profit. The US legal concept of fair use should thus be extended in allowing e.g. bloggers and NGOs to freely insert and remake copyrighted images as well as excerpts of film and audio. A link should be provided online and there should elsewhere be attribution whether to a person, a company, an organization or a website. The period of copyright should be limited to 5 years only. Patents should be abolished altogether and the 5 year copyright period should apply to industrial designs and innovations as well. There must not be copyright for anything stolen such as through exploitation in Animal slavery, pre-existing organisms or appropriation of pre-existing knowledge of indigenous peoples.

Domain names should be both regulated and liberalized so that every person and every corporation should be entitled to one free domain name each that would consist of any number of words and if so desired separated by one point in each space between words. It would not be possible to purchase or sell domain names and the only way to register a second domain name would be to found a new corporation. This means that the current domain system of top-level domains will be abandoned although it would of course be possible for a person or corporation to abandon its pre-existing domain name and adopt a new one. This will significantly make the naming of new enterprises far easier as vastly more domain names that are suitable and attractive indeed will be available for registration for new businesses with small and therefore vital financial resources

4. Ethics

All companies should be legally obliged to behave as ethically as feasibly possible towards everyone and everything affected by their activities and unethical behavior therefore should be illegal. Selling unethical products (such as products with animal content) should be a crime even if produced by others. In order for a product to be legal it must be produced under optimally legal conditions. Insincere and/or cynical advertisement should be criminalized.

Financial markets need to be significantly slowed down so as to avoid value distortions as caused by market volatility. Long contracts are generally preferable to irrational market volatility. Lotteries and casinos should be outlawed and replaced by micro-funding of startups. Also, venture capital should be focused on startups. There is no sense in playing casino with mature and stable major companies. A new global currency should be created alongside national currencies.

Drug use such as alcohol, tobacco and narcotics for non-medical use should be replaced by comprehensive sexual liberation in deconstructing current sexual dichotomies and sexual taxonomies. Food served by restaurants must be optimally healthy. Health care should be focused on preventing the development of disease and thus save much expense for treating illness. Persons who have weight problems should be entitled to have their own personal trainers and their own personal dietists. Psychotherapy should be fully funded by the universal health coverage.

Euthanasia should be legal so that elderly or terminally ill persons can die at a time of their own choosing. It should thus become normal to both plan and socially participate in one’s own funeral. This could take the form of a farewell funeral party followed by injections causing unconsciousness and end of life respectively. Before granting permission for euthanasia an application would have to be filed to make sure that euthanasia is not requested for the wrong reasons. Suicidal persons need to be offered every necessary service so as to provide genuine social alternatives to suicide.

Unnecessary use of harmful synthetic chemicals must be outlawed. Genetic modification of sentient organisms must strictly and only happen for the benefit of the persons thus modified and their respective offspring. Ethical vegan horticulture should be industrialized into closed systems in thus entirely eliminating the external environmental impact altogether.

The public sector needs to be made so efficient and proactive that costs are cut by some 90% while increasing quality in services. This will enable a very low flat tax on all earnings as this will simplify the tax system and prevent attempted manipulations. The flat tax should be the only tax and no other taxes should be legally allowed. Tax havens should all be abolished. States, companies and organizations should all be obliged by international law to practice financial transparency.

5. Cognitive Diversity

The emerging economy of talent needs to be proactively welcomed; otherwise it will most likely arrive in ways that will bring technological change for economic survivors through major economic calamity. This means that the legitimate instruments of power as available to democratic governments need to be mobilized so as to make the unavoidable transition as smooth as possible. Indeed, it is severely unrealistic to expect that the economic future will be extremely similar to the present. The pace of technologic change will no doubt continue to accelerate and so the powers of government need to be appropriately deployed so as to make sure that there is sufficient readiness for responsibly and incrementally absorbing the necessary technological change and hence averting major economic calamity. Thus government technology policy should be about preparing for and facilitating paradigmatic technologic change.

As more and more professions (including yes professions requiring higher education) will become increasingly automatized and supplanted by technology, what will really matter in the labor market will be talent, meaning individual emotional skills that cannot be mass produced by mere standardized mass education. This means that education will rather need to be focused on developing existing specific individual talent and sparking personal interest that may subsequently evolve into personal talent.

However, another important commodity in this economy of talent will likely be ideas. There is currently a dysfunctional attitude towards ideas as a national economic resource in economies worldwide. There is an abundance of ideas among citizens which if appropriately utilized would provide a particularly dynamically flourishing economy. The current systems that regulate so called “intellectual property” are preventing this economy of ideas from flourishing because these antiquated systems wrongly presume that ideas should be monopolized by purported “owners”.

Abolishing the issuance of patents will certainly not end innovation but will rather give rise to new dynamic platforms whereby ideas can be almost instantly realized. E.g. a new product idea could be digitally uploaded to an on demand 3D printer anywhere in the world, which means that the first product could be produced by a third party company and sold online within minutes after uploading the product idea. A most minimal proportion of conceived ideas are currently realized or even tried out because of the associated commercial risk with starting a business and/or commencing the lengthy and legally highly risky process of applying for and protecting a patent from hostile lawsuits. Trying out innovative ideas need to become far more simple in making sure that most nominally good and yes ethical ideas are at least experimentally tested in the consumer market.

Also, rapidity will become increasingly important as ideas should in most cases be tried out either instantly or after some conceptual development. A situation where extremely few ideas are ever tried out is really an economically intolerable situation, but is regrettably associated with innovation being connected with patents and/or starting an entirely new company. Also, citizens with ideas often keep their ideas to themselves so that no one else will “steal them” which almost guarantees that their ideas are never realized and so end up being forgotten.

Therefore platforms in all parts of the economy will be needed that will facilitate innovation, engineering and entrepreneurship among Human citizens generally without patents and without necessarily creating new corporations for the new applications. What will matter will not be worrying about someone else “stealing the idea”, but rather being first with realizing the idea considering that it is very common indeed that more than one person come up with the same idea. Rather, someone who comes up with an idea without herself being able or willing to realize that idea should still be encouraged to publish that idea in a particular legally formalized online context where this person will nevertheless receive public credit for this idea even if it is subsequently realized by others! Also there needs to be marketplaces where someone can first try out an idea almost instantly and if successful, then even sell the product concept to an existing company that would immediately monetize it online.

“Meritocracy” is something quite antiquated in this new economy. Rather, cognitive specialization is vital and so talent needs to be both 1) inspired and 2) developed as cognitive capabilities in the system of education and the workforce will need to be comprehensively mapped. It is not enough to psychometrically test individual job seekers, but rather the entire workforce needs to be regularly psychometrically tested and measured. This means that job applications will mostly become redundant as the persons with the appropriate talent will be identified instantly through anonymized psychometric, computerized mass matching on the entire national workforce, meaning all who agree to become part of the computerized matching.

Even professions currently requiring higher education will largely become automatized by machines and therefore talent (i.e. individual emotional skills) will certainly become relatively more important than education than is currently the case. Education without talent is often of limited real value and talent itself does not necessarily require formal education; standard education can however either retard or encourage the development of individual talent. Therefore, acceptance into educational programs needs to be based on testing relevant individual talent rather than on school grades or on psychometric SAT testing – both of which in practice mostly measure levels of intelligence quotient (IQ) which is not necessarily the most relevant criterion and very harmfully so discriminates against Human genetic groups with comparably relatively lower hereditary average IQs.

Computerized mass psychometric matching will also enable potential entrepreneurs who don’t even know each other to be matched into extremely highly functional teams. Much unnecessary friction in society can thus be avoided by ensuring near optimal inter-personal compatibility. Not only can psychometric applications be created for matching almost every type of relation in private life, but there are vast opportunities for professional life as well in ensuring that interpersonal matching will largely prevent unnecessary inter-personal complications. Psychometric mass testing should be carried out by special private companies on behalf of the government, yet the very platform of psychometric mass matching will provide for innumerable applications of anonymized psychometric mass matching. Governments thus really need to think carefully about how to encourage emergence of new platforms.

Also governments should grant at least partially tax-free status to at least some platforms that are cooperatively owned and managed by the users themselves. Encouraging cooperatively owned platforms will probably help many more platforms to come into existence. Different types of ownership are not negative but it is rather important to understand that there is room for publically owned platforms and cooperatively owned platforms in addition to privately owned platforms. Still some platforms such as psychometric mass testing will need to be publically funded and so governments need to carefully understand the role of governments; in terms of where to facilitate, where to manage and where to simply stay away from regulation of various platforms.

One important insight in the science of economic history is the understanding that economic history is driven by specialization. Therefore, a talent economy will be driven by increasingly narrow (i.e. extremely specialized) professions, because it is only by becoming increasingly specialized with therefore increasing quality as largely based on individual talent (i.e. individual emotional skills) that professions will be relevant and be able to survive otherwise near total automation. However the extreme specialization of professions will paradoxically also facilitate professions being further automatized although as part of a responsible process of transition rather than through calamitously transformative economic depression. While the democratic left emphasizes solidarity and the democratic right emphasizes competition, both main political camps tend to disregard the importance of specialization for economic growth and societal development alike. Rather; solidarity, competition and specialization are all three key elements in Human evolution as all three aspects are vitally needed for any Human society to reasonably function, develop and survive.

Therefore the system of education needs to be adjusted to this coming future by preparing its students for ultra-narrow, highly specialized professions as predominantly based on educational development of measured individual talent. This will frequently involve retraining professionals for new advanced ultra-specialized professions as need arise and as economy and technology evolve. The system of education can therefore become part of the change or else remain part of the problem until it crashes for lack of public funds in a cataclysmic economic depression. Also, VR offices (and VR classrooms) will mean that professionals will be able to work for companies elsewhere even in other countries and so virtual offices are very much compatible with the necessity of extremely specialized professions.

Therefore there needs to be better understanding that the current condition of slow tech is psychological and constitutes a reverse bubble. What does this mean? To paraphrase Archimedes, imagine a bathtub filled with water with various plastic applications floating around on the surface and consider the utter chaos caused by pulling the plug out of the bath. As of now the private sector is floating around comfortably but once slow tech spontaneously transitions to fast tech the transition will likely become unbearably painful for most Human citizens and monumentally destructive to most of the existing economically developed world which is not adapting quickly enough to the challenges of an increasingly approaching fast tech future.

Most of the current system of education is outdated not only due to the lack of digitalization and absence of pedagogic specialization but also due to lack of understanding of the utmost importance of appreciating and utilizing individual talent and therefore also the importance of nurturing individual interest that can lead to the emergence of individual talent. Current professions are far too broad and wide and young citizens are therefore largely being educated for professions that will no longer exist in their current form in the foreseeable future.

Current workdays are unrealistically lengthy and harmfully so since working too long days reduces work quality and therefore also the talent value for the employer. Retaining unrealistically long workdays is very much unsustainable since this amount of work will simply not be needed in an economy where technology replaces almost all labor not requiring individual talent, meaning individual emotional skills. Thus, Human citizens will be needed relatively more as consumers than producers. All Human citizens potentially able to work gainfully must therefore be enabled to participate in the labor market. The current situation where a non-gainfully working majority of Human citizens (juniors, seniors, many genetic minorities and those with designated functional variations) are supported by a gainfully working minority of Human citizens is something that simply cannot be allowed to continue and is unsustainable indeed. Therefore Human Resources managers need to be intensively trained so as to prevent discrimination of every kind in the domestic labor market. The already existing severe problem of increasing economic redundancy of citizens will continue to substantially grow unless understanding is spread that non-automatable individual talent is what will really matter in the emerging new economic world.

Academic degrees that do not provide for sufficient specialization will likely become as redundant as historic titles of nobility that were once commonly granted as letters by royals to outstanding individuals in recognition of their personal achievements. The systemic psychometric discrimination whereby Humans with comparatively lower IQs are discriminated against in the system of education must simply end since it engenders both racism and discrimination. Every Human citizen will need to find her own highly specialized niche in this new economy of talent. Most things that can be taught to Humans can be supplanted by advanced technology and therefore the educational system needs to be revamped into nurturing individual talent rather than promoting standardized conformity. Embracing cognitive diversity will therefore become very much necessary in making sure that as many Human citizens as possible develop talents that are relevant in the new economy of talent.

In the absence of futuristic leadership, the transition from capitalism to talentism is liable to become as painful as once the transition from feudalism to capitalism with similar ensuing mass poverty. One peculiar aspect of late modernity is its self-image as “advanced” with the past typically regarded as “primitive”. Once in earlier modernity the specter of primitivity was projected onto non-European cultures but is now mostly projected onto the past. Yet, the paradox is that our era of partial slow tech will no doubt be regarded in the future as recklessly “primitive” unless futuristic leadership emerges in the private and public sectors alike devoted to responsibly facilitate this economic shift of paradigm from capitalism to talentism.