Historiography in Islamdom is strictly political and intellectual honesty is generally of no concern whatsoever. This is so with with all phases of Muslim historiography from Quranic mythology over medieval historiography to the modern historical narratives of countries where Islam predominates as non-Muslims are still systematically eliminated from culturally Muslim historiography.
Islam emerged in the Judaism of the Himyarite Kingdom as existing along with Arabian Median Judaism which developed out of a fusion of Zoroastrianism (Persian Median Judaism) and pre-existing traditions in Arabia. The Judaism of the Himyarite Kingdom belonged to the Southern Jurisdiction of Judaism while Zoroastrianism still belongs to the Northern Jurisdiction of Israel. Himyarite Judaism had reached large parts of Arabia and that is the historical context where Islam first emerged.
Ancient Arabia was a place of constant tribal strife as the Middle East generally is considered as culturally belonging to the tribal Africa by most anthropologists. What today is known as “satanism” (which is a Christian term) is what could be described as magical occultism in embracing selfishness as a virtue was very prevalent in desert areas of the Middle East as can clearly be observed in the Pentateuch/Torah and so the “satanist” Bedouin conquerors needed to form a new religion in order to justify their successful imperialist conquest and later colonial designs.
For this purpose were captive Kohanite priests of Median Judaism tasked with writing a new religious book. The book which later become known as the Quran was edited as an amalgam of existing Jewish and Christian texts but was written in deploying the ancient Great Tradition of the Art of Writing. The Quran therefore as Alevism points out is an extremely carefully edited esoteric analogy of texts as replete with applied numerology. The Quran specifically should not be mistaken for its exoteric historiography but rather needs to be understood as an ancient text of the Great Tradition of the Art of Writing as compiled and edited under the pressure of tyrannical government.
Classical Median Judaism in the Middle East is now largely referred to as Zoroastrianism although contemporary Zoroastrianism has obviously developed in the past fourteen centuries. Median Judaism had multiple sacred cities, including the magnificient sacred city of Petra in Jordan which was the original sacred city of early Islam. Jerusalem was thus merely one of multiple sacred cities in the Middle East as the practice of sacred cities is of Sumerian origin where often each city was a state with its own central temple structure. Lalish and Hace Bektasi town are surviving ancient sacred cities as are the sacred Shia cities of Najaf and Kerbala. There are are also multiple abandonded historical sacred cities, including the abandoned Samaritan temple structure on Mount Gerizim in Samaria. Furthermore are Jerusalem, Hebron, Safed and Tiberias the four holy cities of Rabbinical Judaism.
When the expanding Arabian polity reached Mesopotamia did it come into contact with Rabbinic Law which the Bedouin conquerors unabashedly plagiarized in Sharia even today being identifiable halakhah at a frequency of over 80%.
Islam was largely imposed by means of economic convenience and social pressure whereby those who became Muslims could escape the state of being socially oppressed (in particular public taunting) by means of joining the ideological hegemony of the day and the term “islam” not coincidentally means “submission” in Arabic.
Southern Mesopotamia was Yarsani while northern Mesopotamia was Yezidi. Imamite Shi’ism emerged in contact between Bedouin conquerors and the local Yarsani population which harbored the greatest Rabbinic seminaries and centers of learning of the time. Imamite Shi’ism has its origin in Yarsani Judaism, Zaydi Shi’ism has its origin in Himyarite Judaism while Sufism and Ismaili Shi’ism have their origins in the Alevi-Bektashi Judaism which historically extended from southern Europe to the Pamir. Yezidi Judaism, Alevi-Bektashi Judaism and Yarsani Judaism all developed from Zoroastrianism which in turn emerged from the Median Judaism of the Assyrian-deported Israelite tribes of the northern Kingdom of Israel.
Much cultural remnants of the historical extension of Median Judaism can be observed in the broader Middle East; e.g. is Egyptian Christianity and Ethiopian/Eritrean Christianity being extremely Judaic in constituting barely Christianized forms of Median Judaism. The distinctly non-Islamic appearance of Wahhabism is indeed derived from its fusion of Arabian desert “satanism” with the suppressed Median Judaism of the Najd region of Arabia.
There is no archeological evidence or independent historical evidence supporting the Quranic historiographical exoteric narrative. This is obviously not intended to offend pious Muslims who want no part in the Islamist return to Arabian “satanism” but rather need we be candid, frank and truthful about history without trampling on the culture of any people. Historiography in Muslim countries needs be systematically reinvented in ceasing to rely on colonial propaganda of various Jihadist historical polities. We need be truthful about the past in recognizing that northern Iran remained largely Alevi-Bektashi and that southern Iran remained largely Yarsani as prior to post-medieval enforced Islamization.
Pashtunwali (Pashtun Judaism) is another strong survivor of Median Judaism. Some Pashtun tribes were apparently initiated into Israelite tribes as can be inferred from the remarkable presence of the names of deported Israelite tribes among prominent Pashtun sub-ethnic units. The tribal name of Asher (derived from Asherah, the Canaanite name for Sumerian Inanna) as absent among Pashtun subethnic units does however survive in the name of the nominally Hazara (Asherah) people just to the north of Pashtunistan.
The Hazara people of Afghanistan were Alevi-Bektashi prior to being forced to become Muslims, Iraqi Shias were Yarsanis prior being forced to become Muslims and Lebanese Shias were Alawites prior to being forced to become Muslims. These are parallel cases as they all chose to become Shias in order to remain to separate from Sunni Islam and so as be able to secretly retain their Judaic traditions and ethnic endogamy.
Levites first emerged as the ruling class of Sumer and as Sumerian civilization globalized did Levites globalize as well in the form of Brahmins (“Abrahamites”) in India, Alevis (haLevis) in Anatolia and Sayyids in Islamdom and India. In fact, Brahmins are patrilineally genetically descended from Mesopotamia. Pashtun Levites thus survived in the form of Sayyids of Pashtunistan.
Mandaeanism is the first and original form of Judaism as the oldest existing continuation of ancient Sumerian religion. Judaism itself emerged as a fusion of Atenian Crypto-Sumerianism in Egypt and Canaanite ethnic taboos.
Denominations of Median Judaism which survived in the Middle East include Abkhaz traditional religion, surviving Zoroastrianism, Pashtunwali Judaism, Druze Judaism, Alawite Judaism, Alevi-Bektashi Judaism, Yarsani Judaism and Yezidi Judaism.
Tamazight Median Judaism is known to have survived at least up until the Bedouin conquest of North Africa. Median Judaism there as well as as elsewhere very much survives through regional forms of global Sufi orders as well as in traditional ethnic culture, e.g. Kurdish rural Muslims still practice Alawite Judaism, Alevi-Bektashi Judaism, Yarsani Judaism and Yezidi Judaism as part of their respective local traditional cultures.
Classical Sunni theologians consistently identify Shi’ism as a form of Crypto-Judaism and its leaders as Crypto-Jews and as historical processes of Islamization were gradual and took place over time were Shia denominations and Sufi denominations gradually Islamized as well. Sufism is simply an Islamized and globalized form of Bektashism and top Sufi leaders are even today all practicing Bektashis.
The Quranic historiography clearly is anything but historical as unsupported by archaeological evidence considering that historical not Mecca did not even exist in 6th and 7th century Arabia and Muhammed is sort of the Arabian version of the equally fully mythological Moses as indeed replete with fantastical desert literary adventures. Muhammed is simply a Hebrew acronym (MHM”D) meaning “King David is Moses”; namely “Moshe Hu Melekh David” (literally “Moses, he is King David”.)
Reconstructing the history of the broader Middle East is a mighty task for historians in hence very much needing to connect the dots between Israeli archaeology and Middle Eastern Median Judaism indeed.