Afghanistan has since the 1979 Soviet invasion been a failed state and no one has been able to fix it due to the proliferation of Islamism and Jihadism in the country in subsequent decades. Afghanistan was however historically never subjected to secular modernization (except to some degree by Moscow’s former puppet regime) and so Afghanistan remains a series of extremely traditional societies.
Pashtunistan, half of which is in Afghanistan and the other half in Pakistan is however famous for its resolute retention of Pashtunwali, a denomination of Median Judaism in the eastern reaches of the broader Middle East. Despite this has Pashtunistan unfortunately become a center of Jihadism on both sides of the historical Durand Line separating Afghanistan from Pakistan.
Many problems in so called “developing nations” in part stem from the fact that historical, colonial and imperialist borders were virtually always imposed without the consent of the people affected. Thus the borders of Afghanistan divide Tajik Afghans from Tajikistan, Uzebek Afghans from Uzbekistan, Turkmen Afghans from Turkmenistan, Baloch Afghans from the Pakistani province of Balochistan and of course Pashtun Afghans from the Pakistani half of Pashtunistan. The absence of not only democratic borders but also democratic procedures for redrawing current borders into democratic ones is in fact a source of permanent instability worldwide.
Pashtunistan is a particularly important case in point as neither British India nor their Pakistani political successors have been actually able to effectively rule East Pashtunistan as the fiercely independent Pashtun tribes rule themselves under the honor code of Pashtunwali as tribal law. For the same reason does the Afghan government experience most severe difficulty in taking control over West Pashtunistan as Pashtun society was effectively taken over by the Pashtun Wahhabis known as the Taliban. Of course, Wahhabism is an oil-founded Saudi imperialist implant into Pashtun society and this historical development in recent decades is surely most tragic and especially so considering that Pashtunwali Judaism of Pashtunistan is essentially a parallel to Samaritan Judaism of Samaria as both forms of Median Judaism, each in their own country have with remarkable success preserved biblical-era Judaism, or to be more specific Israelite religion.
Fixing the conundrum of Afghanistan requires respecting the peoples of Afghanistan, their heritage, cultures, dreams and aspirations and certainly not treating them as mere proxies to be co-opted to a NATO agenda effectively devoted to containing Afghan Jihadism to Afghanistan. Somaliland (the former British Somaliland, now de facto independent Somaliland) and Rojava (East Kurdistan and part of Syria in name only) are two important contemporary models for developing liberal democracy in tribal societies. Somaliland relied on patriarchal structures, i.e. tribe, clan and village etc. for democratization while Rojava in contrast relies on politically enforcing gender equality within those very traditional political power structures. Thus gender equality is not merely an ethical option as largely in the West but is rather required by Rojava law and enforced as such. The armed feminist revolution in Kurdistan will no doubt be regarded by future historians as the most important event in the history of female liberation from patriarchy as the Rojava model needs to become implemented throughout the broader Middle East and indeed worldwide. Sexism should be a crime.
What is needed in Afghanistan is therefore a combination of the Somaliland model and the Rojava model. The first stage in fixing the conundrum of Afghanistan needs to be based on the model of Somaliland, i.e. the democratization of traditional power structures and only subsequently implementation of the Rojava model of enforcing gender equality within those traditional units of power. Once females socially and individually so personally experience how much they gain from freedom, democracy and equality have they indeed also gained a stake in protecting and furthering those very values and so are much less likely to become co-opted by ultra-patriarchal agendas such as the totalitarian political ideology Islamism. Feminist revolution is therefore extremely helpful in the attainment of liberal democracy in societies that do not already have liberal-democratic value systems.
There is probably no other human culture where females are more severely oppressed than in Pashtun society and so a Rojava-style feminist revolution in Pashtun society is both an ethical imperative and a political necessity indeed. Feminist revolution in Pashtunistan will not only be conducive to the democratization of traditional societal units but importantly also help stabilize Pashtunistan by eventually establishing democratic peace on the basis of a tribal cantonal political structure within Pashtunistan itself.
Afghanistan needs crucially be turned into a federation of linguistic states on the relatively successful model of contemporary Ethiopia and so provide political self-determination for the various peoples of Afghanistan. Indeed, administrative structures within the new states of Afghanistan need to reflect traditional regions of social affiliation and especially those of tribe. The peoples of Afghanistan need to be substantially assisted in fully voluntary local communal reversions to their own indigenous forms of Median Judaism and so eventually end religious imperialism in the country.
Israelite tribal names of the Northern Kingdom of Israel are all famously represented by major Pashtun tribes except the Israelite tribal name of Asher which until this day is carried by the ethnically Shia (and once Alevi-Bektashi) Hazara people which is named after Asherah, the female version of the name Asher as Asherah (the Canaanite equivalent of Sumerian Inanna) as the ethnonym of the Hazara people of Afghanistan is derived from the name of the goddess Asherah (namely Inanna as the deity of Israel). Of course, the ancestors of the Pashtuns millennia ago embraced Median Judaism just as the Canaanites embraced Crypto-Sumerian Atenism which became Israelite religion, a synthesis of Atenism with Canaanite ethnicity, including Canaanite tribal taboos.
Fixing the conundrum of Afghanistan requires democratization in traditional social units, armed feminist revolution (including importantly feminist military forces) and the redrawing of internal and external borders as democratic ones, primarily on the basis of linguistic statehood and not only in Afghanistan but in the region and indeed around the world. Giving human beings including importantly females a sense of having a crucial stake in the gains of liberalization and democratization means that they indeed have something to lose and so liberal democracy therefore becomes an individual interest as well. This why freedom is so essential to democracy and that is why procedural democracy without freedom is neither democratic nor free. Indeed many non-democracies have more or less freely elected legislatures yet are are certainly not liberal democracies by any standard. Liberal democracy is the practice of combining individual freedom with collective self-determination and that is indeed what every human people deserves although it needs to be implemented with cultural sensitivity as well as appreciation and respect for traditional societal units much like forms of pro-democratic nationalism historically mobilized ethnicity, religion and monarchy to the cause of liberal democracy in Europe.
To be sure, freedom is not free and while cultural sensitivity and cultural self-respect are essential must these not ever be extended to toleration and acceptance of totalitarian ideologies/movements such as Islamism. Afghanistan does not work, needs to be intelligently fixed and so needs an entirely different path than the current one which is manifestly dysfunctional. Political models that verifiably work in traditional tribal societies need to be applied in the failed state known as Afghanistan and so bring hope to its peoples as severely suffering under the evils of religious imperialism and militant totalitarianism. Indeed all of Afghanistan’s problems ultimately derive from historically imposed religious imperialism and so phasing out religious imperialism is an essential part of rehabilitating and rebuilding that intensely suffering part of the world that is Afghanistan.