Peace for South Sudan

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Linguistic states and linguistic regions within states are the foundation of the administrative structure of Ethiopia. (Image by Golbez)

The peoples of South Sudan as assisted for decades by Israel and the American Jewish community waged a heroic war of liberation against the Islamist tyranny of the Muslim Brotherhood regime of Khartoum.

South Sudan achieved independence from Sudan in 2011 but the conflict between North Sudan and South Sudan continued with each side endeavoring to destabilize each other militarily. One reason why mutual destabilization efforts continued was the failure to draw intelligent democratic borders whereby all minority peoples of then southern Sudan would have become part of South Sudan. Instead were the severely oppressed non-Muslim, non-Arabophone surviving minority peoples of South Kurdufan left part of the Islamist tyranny of North Sudan while Arabophone regions in what is now South Sudan were allowed by North Sudan to become part of South Sudan. In other words were the peace negotiations incompetently managed by both sides as the parties even failed to draw a new international border between the countries as provincial borders instead became unfinished borders between two independent states. It is most peculiar indeed that the conflict between South Sudan and North Sudan has not long since been resolved by means of territorial exchange.

The world has ignored the civil war in South Sudan which has been tragically going on since 2013 and very few Westerners are even aware of the ongoing civil war in South Sudan. Yet political solutions for resolving the civil war in South Sudan can readily be found in neighboring Ethiopia. What is simply needed is to turn South Sudan into a federation of linguistic states as based on democratic border whereby the peoples of South Sudan would be granted territorial self-determination within the framework of a united federal South Sudan.

Much like the former Apartheid regime of South Africa perpetuated itself by means of fabricating a permanent conflict between the Xhosa and Zulu peoples who anyway speak two different literary dialects of the same Nguni language – has the Muslim Brotherhood regime of North Sudan fueled permanent destabilization of South Sudan by means of fabricating a permanent conflict between the Nuer and Dinka peoples who speak distinctive yet fairly closely related languages.

The Islamist regime of North Sudan must not be permitted to continue causing internecine warfare in South Sudan and North Sudan itself needs eventually to become dismantled, not only by granting linguistic statehood to minority peoples of North Sudan but also by means of reverting Amiyya-speakers of Arabophone North Sudan to the Nubian languages which they spoke prior to the tragically enforced imperialist Arabian genocidal colonization of the lands of Nubian peoples with their proud ancient history and so they need to become communally locally reverted to Nubian religion as villages, clans and tribes.

Linguistic statehood as successfully practiced in Ethiopia is particularly helpful in improving quality in government and help lay the ground for the economic development, democratization/liberalization and social progress generally such as gender equality and LGBTQI emancipation. While surely there are many problems in Ethiopia as there is in every country is its federal structure of constituent linguistic states something profoundly helpful as a model for ethnic coexistence and cultural self-respect in charting a brighter future for Africa. Indeed the Ethiopian model needs become recognized throughout Africa as part of the toolkit of intelligent, innovative solutions to Africa’s persistent domestic problems.

Turning South Sudan into a federation of linguistic states on the model of Ethiopia will help resolve the Nuer-Dinka ethnic conflict underlying the South Sudan civil war and provide territorial self-determination for the peoples of South Sudan. Linguistic statehood for the Nuer people within a federal South Sudan will essentially assuage the concerns of many ethnically Nuer leaders with respect to their concerns about Dinka domination. Any local disputes as to the borders between the new linguistic states of a federal South Sudan would need to be resolved by means of establishing democratic borders in giving local residential communities a crucial say in terms of which state that they would indeed prefer to be part of.

It is surely about time that the international community turns its diplomatic attention to the tragic plight of the peoples of South Sudan and so linguistic statehood and democratic borders need become the foundations for democratic peace in South Sudan. Only by respecting African heritage (including crucially African languages) can African societies intelligently embrace the future and so linguistic statehood also means that African children will become educated in African languages and learn to cherish their cultural heritage. Indeed, being well-versed in one’s own cultural heritage is precisely essential to respecting and understanding cultures of others as a person ignorant about his/her own heritage would typically find it difficult to respect the cultural heritage of others. Indeed, Africans also need to be educated in their religious heritage including how Median Judaism of trading Median Maggids was fused with local African religions throughout the African subcontinent.

The new African elites in newly independent African states inherited the racist European notion that African languages were somehow inferior to European languages in somehow mystically not being “useful” or “practical”. Indeed African children need to receive education in their own languages in order to learn good English as it is far easier to learn to first gain literacy in one’s own language. Both markets and democracy require commonality of language of and so African languages are precisely essential in terms of both economic development and democratization/liberalization in every region of Africa.

South Sudan leaders need to gather for sincere peace negotiations in making linguistic statehood and democratic borders the foundation for democratic peace in South Sudan. This peace would help inspire Africa and the world towards the abandonment of ethnically fueled warfare generally. The peoples of South Sudan have for decades suffered most severely due to the destructive policies of Khartoum and it is truly about time that South Sudan leaders act upon the perfectly reasonable expectations of the honorable peoples of South Sudan to live in peace and dignity.